The Paris Agreement And Developing Countries

October 11, 2021

The alliance of small island States and least developed countries, whose economies and livelihoods are most vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change, came from the alliance of small island States and least developed countries. [33] However, developed countries were concerned that classifying the problem as a separate problem and, beyond adaptation measures, would create an additional climate finance clause or imply legal liability for catastrophic climate events. However, self-differentiation in the provision of support in the NDCs is not in line with the subtlety of the Paris Agreement. None of the Annex I countries describes the provision of financial assistance in its NSCs, while some "other contracting parties" (UNFCCC, Article 9(2)), in this case the emerging countries, Brazil, Chile and Panama, do. Similarly, no Annex I country describes capacity-building assistance, but three emerging countries do. This is not in line with paragraph 3 of Article 11 of the Paris Agreement, which describes that all parties should cooperate to improve the capacities of developing countries and that industrialized countries should strengthen support for capacity-building measures in developing countries. Finally, none of the Annex I countries indicate that they will carry out the technology transfer in their NDCs, whereas in four emerging countries this is the article in the way. While the Paris Agreement addresses various elements - reduction, adaptation, financing - to combat climate change, they have not been developed in the manner and to the extent desired by developing countries. The authors make some recommendations to ensure that the objectives of the agreement are achieved. Paris has succeeded as a new type of climate agreement. The regulatory framework can help transform it into a strong and sustainable regime, provided it remains faithful to the Paris Agreement itself.

Related Content Climate Change Non-Diplomatic Action: A Practical Guide to the New Politics and Geopolitics of Climate Change David G. Victor and Bruce Jones February 2018 Climate Change The Dark Side of Solar Power Varun Sivaram April 2018 Energy Security India`s Politics and Economy Towards Renewable Energy Rahul Tongia and Samantha Gross September 2018 Under U.S. Law, A President may, in certain circumstances, participate in an Approve International Agreements without submitting it to Congress. It is important to know whether the new agreement implements an earlier agreement such as the UNFCCC, ratified with the Council and senate approval, and whether it is compatible with existing US legislation and can be implemented on the basis of it. Since the agreement does not include binding emission targets or binding financial commitments beyond those contained in the UNFCCC and can be implemented on the basis of existing legislation, President Obama has decided to approve it through executive measures. Many national governments have offered new financial commitments to Paris. In total, industrialized countries have pledged $19 billion to help developing countries. In a further sign that developing countries are also providing support, Vietnam has allocated $1 million to the new Green Climate Fund (GCF).

And for the first time, subnational governments also offered commitments, including €1 million from the city of Paris for the GCF and 6 million CAD from Quebec for the UNFCCC Developing Countries Fund. . . .

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